DIABETES MELLITUS (DM)

February 23, 2017

There are three types of diabetes:

Type I, Type II, and Gestational diabetes(affects females during pregnancy). Here I would like to draw your attention mainly for type I and type II diabetes.

 

Synonym

Type I DM
Insulin dependent Diabetes mellitus
Juvenile Diabetes


Type II DM
Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
Adult onset diabetes

                                                                   

Reason

Type I DM
Pancrea’s failure to produce insulin


Type II DM
Pancreatic cells fail to respond to insulin properly, lack of insulin development.

                                                                         

Cause 

Type I DM
Unknown


Type II DM
Excessive body weight, lack of exercise

                                                                             

Symptoms

Type I DM
Develop rapidly (weeks or months)


Type II DM

Develop slowly may be subtle or absent
Common symptoms:
Weight loss
Polyuria (increased urination)
Polydipsia (increased thirst)
Polyphagia (increased hunger)
Blurring vision
Headache
Fatigue
Slow healing of wounds
Itchy skin
Tingling, numbness in feet or toes

                                                                           

Prevention

Type I DM
Not known


Type II DM
Maintaining normal body weight
Physical exercise
Healthy diet

                                                                             

Management

Type I DM
Use of insulin
Exercise
Diabetic diet


Type II DM
Oral Medications + Insulin
Exercise

Diabetic diet

 

If diabetes is not treated properly on time then it could lead to high blood pressure which in turn causes kidney failure. Read LETHAL RELATIONSHIP AMONG DIABETES, HYPERTENSION AND KIDNEY FAILURE for more details on this.

 

About Author : Dr. Keshav Sahu, M.B.B.S (Sangli)

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