Coronavirus: Everything you need to know about

April 19, 2020

Everything you need to know about the deadly coronavirus

 

While writing this article I was damn confuse what to include and what not to, as this is a deadly virus which has affected many people worldwide.. As we are onto a lock down and isolating ourselves just to be safe, what we do is searching on internet about it and just checking out news what is happening around the world and in our localities, when we watch or surf internet we come across 1000 of things + numerous queries regarding it, as the name itself is so unique that a layman wont take that serious but can make fun of it for sure, but to be frank this virus is so danger it just require a proper knowledge and care. Do not panic at all just keep yourself safe at home. I would like to share a little detail information about Coronavirus which may help you out and clear some of your confusion.


What is Coronavirus ?
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.
Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes,
chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

 

 


How does it Spreads?
The coronavirus - known as COVID-19 - spreads from person to person in close proximity, similar to other respiratory illnesses, such as the flu.
Droplets of bodily fluids - such as saliva or mucus - from an infected person are dispersed in the air or on surfaces by coughing or sneezing.
These droplets can come into direct contact with other people or can infect those who pick them up by touching infected surfaces and then their face.
According to scientists, coughs and sneezes can travel several feet and stay suspended in the air for up to 10 minutes.
It is not yet known how long the virus can survive outside a host but, in other viruses, it ranges from a few hours to months.
Transmission is of particular concern on transport, where droplets containing the coronavirus could pass between passengers or via surfaces like aeroplane seats and armrests.
The incubation period of the coronavirus, the length of time before symptoms appear, is between one and 14 days.
Although not yet confirmed, Chinese health authorities believe the virus can be transmitted before symptoms appear.


What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe. It takes 2-14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop.
Symptoms may include:
1) Fever
2) Cough
3) Shortness of breath

Those with weakened immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. You may never develop symptoms after being exposed to COVID-19. So far, most confirmed cases are in adults, but some children have been infected. There is no evidence that children are at greater risk for getting the virus.


How can I care for myself ( preventive measures) ?
1. Clean your hands often
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
2. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
3. Avoid close contact
4. Avoid close contact with people who are sick
5. Stay home as much as possible.
6. Put distance between yourself and other people.

Remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread virus.
Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
7. Cover coughs and sneezes
If you are in a private setting and do not have on your cloth face covering, remember to always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
8. Throw used tissues in the trash.
Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
9. Clean and disinfect
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
Then, use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectant external icon will work.


How is the coronavirus test performed?
The doctor will put on protective clothes, mask and face shield, and then collect samples. This involves swabbing the inside of the person’s nose with a skinny swab that is long enough to reach the nasopharynx, the upper part of the throat,
behind the nose. The mildly uncomfortable process, the same used to test for influenza, takes just a few seconds.
The doctor then packages the samples according to guidelines from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, and then the samples are shipped to a laboratory. Some hospitals, such as Johns Hopkins, have testing labs on site. The laboratory tests the specimens for the presence of the new coronavirus, which causes COVID-19. The doctor reports the test results to the patient and to the public health authorities if it is positive.


When should I contact a doctor about my symptoms?
If you have a medical emergency such as severe shortness of breath, call and tell them about your symptoms.
Otherwise, call your doctor’s office and discuss your symptoms over the phone. Your doctor will discuss next steps, including whether you should have a COVID-19 test. For milder cases, your doctor will likely recommend that you rest at home and self-quarantine. If you become severely ill, you may need hospital care.
 

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